Adult: Species description based on Savage (2002). Smaller frog with long limbs. Males to 30 mm, females to 50 mm. Dorsal: Dorsal color typically brown. Most if not all individuals have a dark bar through the eye and barring on the arms and legs. Ventral: Ventral surface white, with some yellow coloration towards the rear. The throat may have a reddish cast. Concealed surfaces: Rear surfaces of thighs range in color from yellowish or brownish, but infused with much red or purple. Eye: Iris golden above, brown below. Extremities: Feet are moderately webbed.
Habitat: Lowland forest to about 700 m. Ecology: This species is nocturnal (Savage 2002). It hides in leaf litter during the day, but often moves onto low-lying vegetation at night (Savage 2002). Call: A high-pitched mew (Savage 2002). Karyotype: 2N = 22 (DeWeese 1976) Type locality: Almirante, Bocas del Toro, Panama Diet: Craugastor talamancae consumes small arthropods, except hemipterans (Lieberman 1986).
Diagnostic description: The legs have a thin webbing that extends at least to the first (proximal) subarticular tuber of at least one side of the fingers and II usually in the II and IV. Their legs have tiny webs between the fingers lll and lV, extending at most a little beyond the first subarticular tubercle of each toe. The tip of the fingers (especially fingers III and IV) has clearly enlarged discs or bearings without cranial crests. The head is narrow and measures 30 to 43% of standard length. The bearings of the outer fingers (III and IV) of the hands are much larger than those of the fingers ll. The outer fingers and finger outside of the leg are usually truncated and sometimes marginalized. The heel is smooth.
The color of the upper thigh is pale yellow to reddish brown, reddish and bathed in living specimens. It has a dark mask defined in the eye. The origin of the arm and the leg is usually red in live specimens. The footpad is smooth. The back is grainy. The upper lip has a longitudinal strip of white enamel in some adults, or interrupted or discontinuous (as a number of white spots) in the majority of adult individuals, so that the lip color contrasts sharply with the dark color dorsal . The glandular supratympanic curved fold is in the back, and does not extend behind the armpit. Adult males have nuptial pads on the thumbs and vocal slits.
The maximum standard length of adult males is 30 mm. and females is 50 mm.
Habitat: They live in moist primary forests.
Reproduction: Eggs laid on the floor have direct development.
Feeding: They feed on Orthoptera and Coleoptera. Avoid feeding on ants.
Behavior: Are nocturnal and during the day they hide in vegetation.
Distribution in Costa Rica: In the humid lowlands of the Atlantic slope, between 15 and 640 m. Lift (Savage 2002).
Distribution outside Costa Rica: It is found from the east end of Panama to Nicaragua.
Bocas Species Database
Habitat: Viven en bosques primarios y húmedos. Distribution: Islas Popa y Colon