C. barbillana Cuf.; Phyllodes inocephalum O. Kuntze Common in the forest, at least as a juvenile plant. Flowers from mid-April to September, mostly in June after the rainy season has begun. The fruits develop to maturity by August and may constitute most of the head by late in the flowering season; the last fruits persist until about mid-January. Easily recognized by its short broad leaves and globular inflorescences, which often age and weather while the plant is still flowering. Sterile plants may be confused with C. lutea, but the blades are never pruinose on the underside as in that species. Unlike most species of Calathea, the fruits are a conspicuous feature of the plant.